- P0113 is an OBD-II trouble code signaling an issue with the intake air temperature (IAT) sensor circuit
- Common symptoms include difficulty starting, poor fuel economy, and engine misfires
- Potential causes include a faulty IAT sensor, dirty air filter, bad MAF sensor, wiring problems, or PCM issues
- Simple fixes like cleaning the IAT sensor or changing the air filter may resolve the problem
- More complex solutions involve replacing the IAT sensor, MAF sensor, or PCM
- Addressing code P0113 promptly can prevent damage to other engine components
The P0113 diagnostic trouble code (DTC) can strike fear and frustration in the hearts of many drivers.
However, while this error code is certainly inconvenient, understanding its causes and solutions makes it far less intimidating.
What Does the P0113 Code Mean?
P0113 signifies an issue with your vehicle’s intake air temperature (IAT) sensor circuit. Specifically, it indicates that the powertrain control module (PCM) has detected abnormally high resistance in the IAT sensor – essentially signaling that the intake air is overheating.
The IAT sensor measures the temperature of air entering the engine using a thermistor – a resistor that changes resistance based on temperature. Colder air causes higher resistance, while hotter air leads to lower resistance.
When your PCM applies a steady 5-volt current to the IAT sensor circuit, it expects a voltage response below 5V under normal conditions. A 5V signal indicates minimal sensor resistance and an overheating intake system. This triggers the P0113 code.
While an actual overheating issue is possible, there are various other root causes that can create false high resistance readings – which we’ll explore shortly.
Paying Attention to Common P0113 Symptoms
Recognizing the most common symptoms associated with code P0113 can help expedite diagnosis and repair. Be on the lookout for:
Difficulty Starting in Cold Weather
If your air intake system is truly overheating, it disrupts proper air-fuel ratio balance. This compromises ignition system performance and leads to hard starting. You may notice significantly more labored cranking or failed start attempts when first starting up a cold engine.
Reduced Fuel Economy
Inspecting your spark plugs provides clues about whether the P0113 is causing a rich fuel mixture (black carbon deposits) or a lean mixture (unusually clean plugs). Both scenarios reduce combustion efficiency and fuel economy over time.
Combustion misfires occur when the full 4-stroke cycle fails to complete properly. Intake air temperature issues can prevent proper air-fuel mixing, resulting in occasional misfires. You may feel brief power losses or rough running.
Paying attention to these common P0113 symptoms provides early warning signs of a potential issue. Having a basic understanding of the problem can help you explain the symptoms to a professional mechanic during diagnosis.
Finding the Root Causes of a P0113 Code
While an overheating intake causes the P0113 in some cases, there are a variety of other issues that can create a false trigger:
Faulty Intake Air Temperature Sensor
By far the most common cause of trouble code P0113 is a malfunctioning IAT sensor. Dirt buildup on the sensor, damage to the thermistor, or electronic faults can lead to falsely high resistance readings.
Clogged Air Filter
A severely clogged air filter restricts proper airflow into the engine, forcing the intake system to work harder. This can elevate air temperatures above normal levels. Replacing a dirty filter often resolves P0113 codes.
Defective Mass Airflow Sensor
Problems with the mass airflow sensor (MAF) can create situations where the engine tries to pull in too much air. Much like an overtaxed air filter, this puts undue strain on the air intake and leads to overheating.
Broken, shorted, or corroded wiring in the IAT sensor circuit introduces abnormally high resistance. This tricks the PCM into thinking the sensor itself has high resistance due to excessive intake air temperatures.
Powertrain Control Module Issues
Though rare, internal PCM malfunctions can also lead to erroneous P0113 triggerings. But this is usually the least likely root cause, and other defective components should be ruled out first.
Thorough diagnosis and testing is key to pinpoint the true underlying cause of your P0113 code. Relying solely on the OBD-II description can lead you down the wrong path.
Evaluating the Seriousness of a P0113 Code
On its own, a P0113 code is fairly benign and has little immediate impact on drivability or vehicle safety. However, ignoring it long-term can lead to some additional complications:
- Prolonged air-fuel imbalance can damage oxygen sensors, catalytic converters, and other emissions components.
- Significant intake overheating may result in heat damage to plastic intake components like hoses and ductwork over time.
- In severe cases, the excessive heat and fuel mixture issues can accelerate engine wear or even lead to piston, valve, or bearing failures.
While failure to address P0113 won’t leave you stranded, postponing repairs is unwise. This code should be viewed as a warning light for potentially bigger problems if neglected for too long. Prompt diagnosis is recommended whenever P0113 appears.
How to Diagnose and Fix a P0113 Code
When that dreaded P0113 rears its head, stay calm and take things one step at a time:
Step 1 – Validate the IAT Sensor Readings
Don’t assume the air intake is actually overheating right off the bat. Use an infrared thermometer to compare air intake temperature against engine coolant temperature when warmed up. Similar temps mean the P0113 is likely false and caused by sensor or wiring faults. If intake air is significantly hotter, you may have a legitimate overheating issue on your hands.
Step 2 – Inspect Sensor Condition and Electrical Connections
If the IAT readings look normal, carefully examine the sensor itself and the wiring. Look for damage, corrosion, bent pins, frayed wires, or water incursion. Make sure the connector is fully seated. Clear any dirt or debris. Fixing the sensor and harness issues can often resolve P0113.
Step 3 – Replace Air Filter if Needed
Check your air filter next. If it is caked with dirt and debris, replacement is a must. Restricted air filters force the intake to work much harder to supply air, leading to elevated temperatures and P0113 codes.
Step 4 – Consider Replacement of IAT Sensor, MAF Sensor, or PCM
If the above steps fail to isolate the cause, systematically replace the IAT sensor, MAF sensor, and finally the PCM itself. Faulty readings from a damaged IAT or MAF sensor can certainly cause P0113 trouble codes. And while rare, PCM failure is also possible. Methodically swap these out one by one until the problem is fixed.
Follow these best practices for P0113 diagnosis and you’ll maximize your chances of a quick, painless repair. With the right approach, this common OBD-II code is nothing to fear.
Frequently Asked Questions About Code P0113:
Is it safe to drive with a P0113 code?
In most cases, yes. The P0113 itself won’t cause immediate drivability issues or vehicle damage. However, it’s still smart to schedule repair work soon to prevent secondary damage from an underlying issue like air intake overheating.
Can a loose gas cap cause code P0113?
No, a loose or missing gas cap can trigger P0455, P0456, or P0457 evaporative emissions codes but will not create a P0113 related to intake air temp sensor resistance.
What triggers a P0113 code besides an overheating intake?
Common causes beyond actual overheating include a failing IAT sensor, damaged wiring, dirty air filter, bad MAF sensor, and in rare cases PCM failure. Proper diagnosis is key to finding the root cause on your specific vehicle.
Are intake air temperature sensor and mass air flow sensor the same thing?
No, they are completely different sensors. The IAT measures incoming air temp using a thermistor. The MAF measures the mass of air flowing into the engine using a hot wire sensor. Faults in either can lead to a P0113.
Can low engine coolant cause code P0113?
It’s unlikely unless coolant levels drop low enough to trigger significant overheating. Topping off the coolant is worth trying, but IAT sensor issues are vastly more common causes of P0113 trouble codes.
Conclusion: Overcoming the P0113 Challenge
Diagnostic trouble code P0113 can be frustrating, but it doesn’t have to spell doom and gloom for your vehicle.
Arm yourself with knowledge of the code’s symptoms, likely causes, and repair tips outlined above. Check for intake overheating, examine sensor condition, and replace components methodically until the problem is found.
With the right strategy, P0113 code is just a minor bump in the road – not a roadblock!